Approaching the mountain from the perspective of mountaineers, rather than tourism agents, Team Kilimanjaro have an understandably unique way of looking at the mountain and are frankly critical of some of the methods that were employed in the original route selection of the six KINAPA-
Problems with Kilimanjaro’s Normal Routes
We summarise the principal current weaknesses of the traditional routes in the following synopses:
The traditional route and all variations on this route (used by all other operations except Team Kilimanjaro) either effectively straight-
Sometimes called the ‘Shira Plateau Route’ the normal route (used by some 95% of operations) has been designed to intersect with Machame from east of the Shira Plateau onwards. This causes crowding at Barranco, a camp which serves 4 of the 6 routes, and places a severe ecological burden on the immediate region during the high season, with as many as 300 climbers and 900 support staff abluting themselves within a few hundred square metres. The climber’s sense of wilderness experience is also compromised during the route’s bottlenecking on the Breach Wall, where more than a thousand people can be required to pass along a trail that is less than a metre wide in places, within some two hours.
During the low season, we have no significant criticisms of the route, except perhaps that –
There is an obvious absence of exploitable topography en route to high camp and inadequate use of the climb high, sleep low principle is afforded. This results in a low success rate, with some 40% of all route users failing to pass beyond Gilman’s Point, and some 20% failing to reach even Gilman’s point.
Use of huts on the Marangu Route necessitates crowded living quarters at camps with a) queuing and delays being necessary in the morning due to limited eating space in the crowded mess halls, b) compromised sanitation caused by crowding, and c) several instances of theft caused by climbers having to share accommodation with those they do not know from other climbing companies, being unable to close their rooms, and being watched and targeted by rogue workers sharing the camp. Since Marangu Route camps enforce a policy of distanced segregation between climbers and support staff, porters cannot be tasked with guarding climber’s rooms. Conversely, at camps on other routes, we are able to distance ourselves from others we do not know and during the assault guides are able to post members of the support team as rostered sentries and are therefore able to themselves be responsible for equipment security.
In our experience Umbwe has always attracted an unusual calibre of climber with the attraction of this route seeming to be the very fact of it being the hardest route by which to summit, and having some of the poorest acclimatisation facility and the highest rates of AMS. The route is so steep that it uses only two days to reach the same point that is reached in three days on Machame. Now that the Western Breach has been opened for more than a year the type of climber who opts for Umbwe is likely the sort of person who is going to want to assault via the (still very dangerous) Western Breach. While this combination is probably the most dangerous option available on Kilimanjaro, we understand the appeal and are willing to lead such climbs where the climber making the booking is able to make very clear to us that all those he or she is representing clearly understand the physiological and objective risks of the route.
Please note that the Western Breach assault route is indeed open and that the authorities have heeded most of TK’s recommendations regarding its reopening and so have not routed the climb around the east side of the Stone Train (as they planned to do and as we cautioned them strongly against doing –
If only 6 days are available to climb, and climbers understand that there is a likelihood of discomfort at Barranco with the headaches and nausea associated with mild AMS, and that they will not arrive at Barafu with much time to sleep and rest before the assault begins, we have no criticisms of the route and recommend it as the most cost-
We are however, critical of the standard 7 day route as a poor and wasteful use of the additional day and have found over the past few years there is little advantage in spending three consecutive nights at around 4,000m –
We are able to incorporate both the Western Breach assault into the Machame Route and can also arrange a crater night and excursion –
Another variation on the Machame Route running parallel and to the north of the Lemosho Route, and intersecting Machame at Shira Camp. This route is essentially the vehicle evacuation route for sick and wounded climbers who have to give up before crossing the Breach Wall east of Barranco Camp. It is possible to drive a vehicle to 3,760m to within 30 minutes of the day two camp. Not recommended as walking along a road for two days detracts from the wilderness experience.